To ???? ??? ????? - ?????????

? ????? ????? ?? ?????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????????. ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ??????. ???? ?????, ??????? ????????, ???????, ????????, ?????, ?????????, ???????, ?????????? ?????????, ????????? ??? ?????????? ???? ??? ???????, ??? ??????????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???.

? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?? ????????? ?????? (????? ??? 4?? ????????? ?.?.) ????? ??? ????? ???. ????? ??? ??????? ?? "?????????" ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?? ????.

? ????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ??? ????????????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ???.

? ????, ?????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ??????, ????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ???????. ?????? ??????, ????????, ???????????, ???? ???? ?????, ??????? ??????????, ???? ??? ????. ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????????????? ?????, ???? ?? ??????????? ?????, ???? ??? ??? ?????.

?? ??????????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ?????, ?? ?? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?????.

??? ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ???????? ???, ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ???, ?? ?????????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ??' ???? ?' ????, ?? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????, ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??????.

?????????

???????????? ???????: ??? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????????, ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ??????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ????????? ?????? (4? ???????? ?.?.- 6?? ??. ?.?.). ?? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????? (?????? ??? 17?? ?????), ???? ???? ???? ??? ???????.

????????????? ????? ???????: ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??????????, ?? ????????? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ????? (1300 ?.?.). ? ????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ?????.

??????? : ?? "???? ?????????" ??? ?????: ????? ???????? ??? ?????? "???????", ???? ???? ??? ????????. ????? ? ?????????? ??? ???????????? ???? ???? ???? ??????????? ???? ????????. ???????? ??? 6? ?.?. ?????, ??? ????? ??? ???????? ???????, ???? ? ????? ???? ?????? ???????, ???????? ??? ??????????? ??????.

?? ??????: ??????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????? ????????? (1204 - 1537). ????????? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????.

?????? (??????): ??? ??????, ????? ??? ????? ???????, ?? ??????????? ???????, ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????, ???? ???? ??? ?? ????????? ?? ??????? ????????, ???? ??????????????? ?????? (??????? ??????). ?? ?????? ???? ?????????? ??????? (6,4 ?????) ??? ????? ???? ??? 7?? ????? ?.?.

?????? (????????): ????? ??? ????? ?????????, ????????? ?????????? ??? ??????, ??? ?? ????? ??? ???????????? ????, ???? ??????????????? ?????? (??????? ??????). ?? ?????? ???? ???? 10,45 ????? ??? ????????????? ???? ????? ??? 6?? ?.?. ?????.

? ??????? ? ??????????: ? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????????? (9?? - 10?? ??.), ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????, ????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????. ? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ??? ???????????? ???. ?????????? ??? ?? ????????????????? ?????? ????? ??????.

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